Mica, any of a group of hydrous potassium, aluminum silicate minerals. Many believe that mica’s name origins refer to its lustrous qualities (Mineral Information Institute). In underground mining, the main shaft is driven through the pegmatite at suitable angles to the dip and strike using air drills, hoists and explosives. The cleavage is a manifestation of the sheet structure described above. Mica is a naturally-occurring mineral. Mica is the name given to a group of silicate minerals which can be ground down into a sparkling powder for use in beauty products, causing it to be referred to as \"nature's glitter\". Most sheet mica is mined in India, where labor costs are comparatively low. Mica is a natural stone mineral with shiny flakes. The micas other than glauconite tend to crystallize as short pseudohexagonal prisms. The most common include: purple lepidolite, black biotite, brown phlogopite and clear muscovite. North Carolina’s production accounts for half of total U.S. mica production. They are all silicate minerals, known as sheet silicates because they form in distinct layers. Mica is heat-resistant and does not conduct electricity. While this doesn't specifically relate to mica in cosmetics, it does suggest that it may be a good idea to be in a well-ventilated area when applying mica … Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Nacogdoches, Texas, United States, Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery - The Mica Group of Minerals, mica - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). MICA is redefining the role of the artists and designers as creative, solutions-oriented makers and thinkers who will drive social, cultural, and economic advancement for our future. It is typically used in industrial settings as electrical insulation, and in the production of roofing shingles, wallpaper, paint and plastics. Mica is a mineral name given to a group of minerals that are physically and chemically similar. Pearl Ex is a popular brand of pure mica powder. The end faces are parallel to the perfect cleavage that characterizes the group. The perfect cleavage into thin elastic sheets is probably the most widely recognized characteristic of the micas. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The major uses of sheet and block mica are as electrical insulators in electronic equipment, thermal insulation, gauge “glass”, windows in stove and kerosene heaters, dielectrics in capacitors, decorative panels in lamps and windows, insulation in electric motors and generator armatures, field coil insulation, and magnet and commutator core insulation. Apart from taking CAT 2020 or XAT 2021, you need to appear in MICAT. Crosscuts and raises are developed to follow promising exposures of mica. Lepidolite K(Li,Al)3(AlSi3O10) (O,OH, F)2, ; biotite K(Mg, Fe)3(AlSi3O10) (OH)2; phlogopite KMg3(AlSi3O10) (OH)2; muscovite KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2, 2.5-4 (lepidolite); 2.5-3 biotite; 2.5-3 phlogopite; 2-2.5 muscovite, purple, rosy, silver, gray (lepidolite); dark green, brown, black (biotite); yellowish-brown, green white (phlogopite); colorless, transparent (muscovite). ID Species Reference Link Year Locality Pressure (GPa) Temp (K) 0000386: Annite: Hazen R M, Burnham C W (1973) The crystal structures of one-layer phlogopite and annite American Mineralogist 58 889-900 1973: 0: 293: 0002392: Annite: Redhammer G J, Beran A, Schneider J, Amthauer G, Lottermoser W (2000) Spectroscopic and structural properties of synthetic micas on the annite … Specific gravity for the micas varies with composition. Muscovites range from colourless, greenish to blue-green to emerald-green, pinkish, and brownish to cinnamon-tan. Biotites and phlogopites also exhibit the property termed pleochroism (or, more properly for these minerals, dichroism): When viewed along different crystallographic directions, especially using transmitted polarized light, they exhibit different colours or different absorption of light or both. Basically, Mica is a mineral. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The design and re-launch of the new MEC website is madepossible by a generous contribution from Newmont Mining, The SciFest All Access virtual science festival will offer engaging STEM activities and performances, The design and re-launch of the new MEC website is made. Two such sheets are juxtaposed with the vertices of their tetrahedrons pointing toward each other; the sheets are cross-linked with cations—for example, aluminum in muscovite—and hydroxyl pairs complete the coordination of these cations (see figure). Although the micas are generally considered to be monoclinic (pseudohexagonal), there also are hexagonal, orthorhombic, and triclinic forms generally referred to as polytypes. Micas are fairly light and relatively soft, and the sheets and flakes of mica are flexible. Micas have sheet structures whose basic units consist of two polymerized sheets of silica (SiO4) tetrahedrons. Thus, the cross-linked double layer is bound firmly, has the bases of silica tetrahedrons on both of its outer sides, and has a negative charge. Updates? Glauconite, a green species that does not have the same general macroscopic characteristics as the other micas, occurs sporadically in many marine sedimentary sequences. We have spent decades refining our programs and curriculum so that our students are well prepared for the growing opportunities that exist for artists and designers in today's and tomorrow's creative economy. The most common include: purple lepidolite, black biotite, brown phlogo… Mica is one such mineral, and it is a silicate mineral. Phlogopites resemble biotites but are honey brown. It has traces of metals like potassium, iron, aluminum, and magnesium. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Better of the two MICAT Scores will be considered to select the candidates. This feature cannot, however, be determined macroscopically; polytypes are distinguished by relatively sophisticated techniques such as those employing X-rays. The American Heritage® Student … When a pocket of mica is found, extreme care is exercised in the removal to minimize damage to the crystals. MICA is the simple, efficient, and comprehensive solution that provides benefits for the insurance carrier, the adjuster and the contractor. Workers in cosmetic manufacturing factories are at high risk of mica exposure through inhalation. They are all silicate minerals, known as sheet silicates because they form in distinct layers. natural occurring mineral that is based on a collection of silicate minerals and composed of varying amounts of potassium In chemistry, a silicate is any member of a family of anions consisting of silicon and oxygen. Among the principal rock-forming minerals, micas are found in all three major rock varieties—igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Mica is a general name for a group of natural Earth minerals that are mined, purified and pulverized into fine powders and then used for dozens of different applications including cosmetics and soap making. The lustre of the micas is usually described as splendent, but some cleavage faces appear pearly. Mica is a mineral name given to a group of minerals that are physically and chemically similar. When mica is ground into a powder, you get mica powder. Any of a group of aluminum silicate minerals that can be split easily into thin, partly transparent sheets. Consequently, micas can be scratched in either direction with a knife blade or geologic pick. Small explosive charges of 40% to 60% strength are carefully placed around the pocket and care is exercised with the drilling procedure so the mica will not be penetrated. The colour and occurrence of this mineral in sediments and sedimentary rocks formed from those sediments generally are sufficient for identification. Similar variations in composition are known for the other micas. The chemical composition of mica stones is X2Y4-6Z8O20 (OH,F)4. Mica can be ground into small flakes and added to paints to make them shiny and iridescent. Description: Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Micah definition is - a prophetic book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture. The word "mica" is actually thought to be derived from … A mineral is an inorganic solid found in nature. Mica is the term for 34 types of layered or flaky phyllosilicate minerals, or minerals containing silica (USGS). any of a group of lustrous rock-forming minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminium, potassium, etc, in monoclinic crystalline form, occurring in igneous and metamorphic rock. Mica is derived from a natural stone mineral that boasts shiny flakes. Glauconite occurs most commonly as earthy to dull, subtranslucent, green to nearly black granules generally referred to as pellets. MICAT 2021: MICAT is the mandatory entrance test for admission to PGDM programs at MICA Ahmedabad. The side faces of these prisms are typically rough, some appearing striated and dull, whereas the flat ends tend to be smooth and shiny. The mica group represents 37 sheet silicate minerals that have a layered or flaky texture. Mica is an example of sheet silicate minerals that can be employed in a number of different applications. The polytypes are based on the sequences and number of layers of the basic structure in the unit cell and the symmetry thus produced. The flake mica produced in the U.S. comes from several sources: the metamorphic rock called schist as a by-product of processing feldspar and kaolin resources, from placer deposits, and from pegmatites. Home Mining & Minerals Information Minerals Database. Lepidolite, generally pinkish to lilac in colour, occurs in lithium-bearing pegmatites. Hardness is used to distinguish micas from chloritoid, which also occurs rather commonly as platy masses in some metamorphic rocks; chloritoid, with a Mohs hardness of 61/2, cannot be scratched with a knife blade or geologic pick. Mica is heat-resistant and does not conduct electricity.  There are 37 different mica minerals. The Mentally Ill Chemical Abuse (MICA) Treatment Program. In either case, it is a very economically risky mining procedure because of the cost involved in locating the vein and the unpredictability of the quality and quantity of the mica that might be recovered once the vein is located and worked. Mica likely got its name from Latin, where the word “micare” means to shine. Mica definition is - any of various colored or transparent mineral silicates crystallizing in monoclinic forms that readily separate into very thin leaves. The charge is just sufficient to shake the mica free from the host rock. They’re used to give a metallic or shimmery pearl-like effect. (The elasticity of the thin sheets distinguishes the micas from similarly appearing thin sheets of chlorite and talc.) Sheet mica is no longer mined in the U.S. because of the high cost of mining, the small market, and the high capital risk. The rock-forming micas exhibit certain characteristic colours. All of these micas except glauconite exhibit easily observable perfect cleavage into flexible sheets. It has a specific chemical formula, and is crystalline in structure. The powder is basically a soft type of fine glitter that has a coloring or dying effect when it comes into contact with a myriad of … Mica is a colorless, odorless solid that easily flakes into powder. Mica powders are therefore sparkly, sort of like very fine glitter. In the paint industry, ground mica is used as a pigment extender that also facilitates suspension due to its light weight and platy morphology. Due to its natural lustrous qualities, mica likely got its name from the Latin word micare, which means “to glitter”. Mica - Mica - Origin and occurrence: Micas may originate as the result of diverse processes under several different conditions. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The minerals that mica comes from having a fragile, layered crystalline structure gives it a pearlescent and metallic look. There are 37 different mica minerals. Paragonites are colourless to white; biotites may be black, brown, red to red-brown, greenish brown, and blue-green. After blasting, the ore is reduced in size with drop balls and loaded on the trucks with shovels for transport to the processing plant, where mica, quartz and feldspar are extracted. Ground mica also is used in the well-drilling industry as an additive to drilling “muds.”. Mica and Its Uses . Mohs hardness of the micas is approximately 21/2 on cleavage flakes and 4 across cleavage. Mica is heat-resistant and does not conduct electricity. Any of a group of hydrous aluminosilicate minerals with the general formula (K,Na,Ca) (Mg,Fe,Li,Al)2-3(Al,Si)4O10(OH,F)2that can be split easily into thin, partly transparent sheets. The rubber industry uses ground mica as an inert filler and as a mold lubricant in the manufacture of molded rubber products, including tires. For example, most muscovites contain sodium substituting for some potassium, and diverse varieties have chromium or vanadium or a combination of both replacing part of the aluminum; furthermore, the Si:Al ratio may range from the indicated 3:1 up to about 7:1. MICA is the leading water mitigation suite in the restoration industry. They come in many colors. The MICA brand assures effective delivery of Strategic Marketing and Communication solutions to the industry, government, and community. It is a type of phyllosilicate, exhibiting a two-dimensional sheet or layer structure. The Mentally Ill Chemical Abuse (MICA) Treatment Program. Mica, any of a group of hydrous potassium, aluminum silicate mineral s. It is a type of phyllosilicate, exhibiting a two-dimensional sheet or layer structure. Author of. The minutely crystalline variety consisting of muscovite or paragonite (or both), generally referred to as sericite, is silky. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The principal use of ground mica is in gypsum wallboard joint compound, where it acts as a filler and extender, provides a smoother consistency, improves workability, and prevents cracking. The mica industry can be divided into two distinct but interdependent industries: those that produce sheet mica, and those that produce flake mica. The differences among mica species depend upon differences in the X and Y cations. Types of mica capacitors. It is highly resistant to heat and is used in electric fuses and other electrical equipment. Mica is a mineral name given to a group of minerals that are physically and chemically similar.  They are all silicate minerals, known as sheet silicates because they form in distinct layers.  Micas are fairly light and relatively soft, and the sheets and flakes of mica are flexible. Thus, as in some of the other groups of minerals (e.g., the garnets), different individual pieces of naturally occurring mica specimens consist of different proportions of ideal end-member compositions. Mica is a group of silicate minerals that are widely distributed in different types of rock. It is attacked readily by hydrochloric acid. Mica is a naturally occurring mineral dust often used in makeup foundations, as filler in cement and asphalt, and as insulation material in electric cables. FOUND IN: Makeup products, shingles, wallpaper, insulation, cement and asphalt. Flake mica can be obtained from several sources: the metamorphic rock called schist as a by… Lepidolite (lep-PIDDLE-ite), K(Li,Fe)Al3Si3AlO 10(OH,F)2, is distinguished by its lilac or … Most biotites are 1M and most muscovites are 2M; however, more than one polytype is commonly present in individual specimens. Compositions of the common rock-forming micas are given in the table. It is used in pigmented products like powdered foundation to provide opacity and give pigments a pearly, shiny appearance. Sheet mica is recovered by either sinking a shaft along the strike and dip of a pegmatite or by open-pit surface mining of semi-hard pegmatite ore. Mica is common in igneous and metamorphic rocks. In Move Mining Next Gen, students from grades K-12 create and submit short, 3-minute videos to answer the question, “Why is mining important in our lives?”  There are prizes for a grades K-5 category ($250), a grades 6-8 category ($250) and a grades 9-12 category ($250), as well as an overall winner ($1,000).  There is an additional prize ($500) for the video that receives the most votes online—the People’s Choice winner.  Go to www.MoveMiningNextGen.org to learn how to make and submit your video! Lepidolites are nearly colourless, pink, lavender, or tan. Glauconite, which most often occurs as pelletlike grains, has no apparent cleavage. Lepidolite. The most common include: purple lepidolite, black biotite, brown phlogopite and clear muscovite. In soft residual material, dozers, shovels, scrapers and front-end loaders are used in the mining process. Muscovite, the common light-coloured mica, and biotite, which is typically black or nearly so, are the most abundant. After blasting, the mica is hand-picked and placed in boxes or bags for transporting to the trimming shed where it is graded, split, and cut to various specified sizes for sale. According to the Mineral Information Institute, the word "mica" is related to the Latin word "micare," which means "to shine." Among the principal rock-forming minerals, micas are found in all three major rock varieties—igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Add to Favorites Request Information Print Page Email Page Export Selected. As an element in both the creation of windowpanes and glass that is highly resistant to variations in temperature, mica can also be used in a number of electrical gadgets and equipment. Of the 28 known species of the mica group, only 6 are common rock-forming minerals. There are 37 different mica minerals. Mica is the general name given to a group of 37 crystalline silicate minerals. Few natural micas have end-member compositions. The FDA defines natural mica as: The color additive mica is a white powder obtained from the naturally occurring mineral, muscovite mica, consisting predominantly of a potassium aluminum silicate, K2Al4 (Al2Si6O20) (OH)4 or, alternatively, H2KAl3 (SiO4)3. Colours vary between the different minerals, from silver and white to pink and purple tones. The overall range is from 2.76 for muscovite to 3.2 for iron-rich biotite. The names of the rock-forming micas constitute a good example of the diverse bases used in naming minerals: Biotite was named for a person—Jean-Baptiste Biot, a 19th-century French physicist who studied the optical properties of micas; muscovite was named, albeit indirectly, for a place—it was originally called “Muscovy glass” because it came from the Muscovy province of Russia; glauconite, although typically green, was named for the Greek word for blue; lepidolite, from the Greek word meaning “scale,” was based on the appearance of the mineral’s cleavage plates; phlogopite, from the Greek word for firelike, was chosen because of the reddish glow (colour and lustre) of some specimens; paragonite, from the Greek “to mislead,” was so named because it was originally mistaken for another mineral, talc. The ground mica also reduces checking and chalking, prevents shrinkage and shearing of the paint film, provides increased resistance to water penetration and weathering, and brightens the tone of colored pigments. The plastic industry used ground mica as an extender and filler and also as a reinforcing agent. Emeritus Professor of Geology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant. The charge is balanced by singly charged large cations—for example, potassium in muscovite—that join the cross-linked double layers to form the complete structure. The SciFest All Access virtual science festival will offer engaging STEM activities and performances extended through October 31, 2020, that celebrate the excitement of STEM for K-12 students, college students, educators, and families.  The MEC Virtual Booth has the new MEC Careers in Mining video and more!  Register here. Properties of the latter are described separately later in the discussion. Micas are fairly light and relatively soft, and the sheets and flakes of mica are flexible. MICA is a nationally recognized leader in innovative art and design education. Hard-rock mining of mica-bearing ore requires drilling and blasting. As the oldest continuously degree-granting college of art and design in the nation, MICA is located in Baltimore, deeply connected to the community. Because of their resistance to electricity and heat they are used as dielectrics, in heating elements, etc Sheet mica is used principally in the electronic and electrical industries. Mica is a silicate mineral used in cosmetics for its brilliant or shimmering appearance, according to Wikipedia. Mica is also used in construction materials that require the use of protective gear and masks when exposed, as prolonged exposure may cause lung scarring. Once the mica stone is ground into a powder, mica powder is created. There are, however, no complete series of solid solutions between any dioctahedral mica and any trioctahedral mica. Insurance carriers get the benefit of a real-time audit by exceptions and improved cycle time due … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The rock-forming micas (other than glauconite) can be divided into two groups: those that are light-coloured (muscovite, paragonite, and lepidolite) and those that are dark-coloured (biotite and phlogopite). Omissions? It is a Computer Based Test (CBT) and will be conducted twice for selection of PGDM-C and PGDM 2021-2023 batch. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Mica often occurs as flakes, scraps, or sheets, and has been used by humans since prehistoric times. It is mined by conventional open-pit methods. The general formula for minerals of the mica group is XY2–3Z4O10(OH, F)2 with X = K, Na, Ba, Ca, Cs, (H3O), (NH4); Y = Al, Mg, Fe2+, Li, Cr, Mn, V, Zn; and Z = Si, Al, Fe3+, Be, Ti. Most minerals do not have a perfect basal cleavage, which is how smoothly a mineral retains its surface if part of it is cut or broken off. Mica capacitor is a reliable and high precision capacitor that uses mica as the dielectric to store electric charge. Phlogopite, typically brown, and paragonite, which is macroscopically indistinguishable from muscovite, also are fairly common. In English, mica means crumb. Each industry, although somewhat dependent on the other, produces different end products. Because Mica come from the earth it may contain trace amounts of heavy metals. Mica is common in igneous and metamorphic rocks and often occurs as flakes or sheets. In the United States, flake mica comes from Arizona, Dakota, Georgia, New Mexico, North Carolina, and South Carolina. 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